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KULDIHA WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
   
 
   

Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary About 300 sq.km of hilly landscape in Balasore district constitutes the Kuldiha forest. It is close to Nilgiri forest towards north and Mayurbhanj forest in northwest. Sukhuapata and Gagua hills separate Kuldiha from Similipal. Through Gadasahi forests on the south west, Kuldiha have a disjointed link with Baula RF of Hadgarh reservoir.

Rising from 169m above sea level, some prominent hills that form the landscape include Asta Pahar (423m) occupying a Central position; Devgiri Pahar (682m) in south; Ranga matia (629m) in north; Kolia Parbat (495m) in east.

   

Kuldiha fits into a tourism circuit encompassing Chandipur, Remuna, Nilagiri and Panchalingeswar. Kuldiha presents typical mixture of Peninsular (coastal) Sal forests and moist mixed deciduous forests of deccan peninsula. Small rivers emerging from the Kuldiha landscape are Tangana, Kamala, Basudhar, Uastal Nala. The forested areas of the region feed to Budhabalanga through tributaries Sono in North and Gangahar in south.

There are two reservoirs in Kuldiha. The Rissia reservoir in northwest is over river Tangana and Sindhua reservoir in southeast is over Uastal nala. These to reservoirs have helped the crop and climate regime of the region.

   

Flat Granite Rock plate with Mat of grass at foot hills of Panchalingeswar. Hearsay goes that tribal rulers deliver proper justice to their subjects when they sit and run ‘Darbar’ from this mat.

Mangrove plant species such as Bani, Rai, etc. are seen at the coast specifically at the confluence of the river Budhabalanga. The moist climate of Kuldiha favours growth of a variety of Orchids.

   

Elephants that characterize the landscape are commonly seen in Kuldiha. The reservoirs attract the elephants round the year. Forests along the migration route of elephants from Kuldiha to Similipal and Hadagarh through the forests of Gogua, Ketakijhari, Balihudi and Kupari are fragmented but offers scope for revival. From the year 2004, tiger has been reported from Kuldiha. This could have been possible because of establishment of forest linkage with Similipal.

The Forest ecosystem of Kuldiha provides an ideal habitat for the largest herbivore, the Gaur as well as the burrowing Pangolin. There is a good population of Giant squirrel indicating that the forest canopy of Kuldiha is in good state.

There are Rest houses and Rest sheds at strategic locations in and around the periphery of the sanctuary to provide accommodation facility to the visiting tourists. The famous temple of Lord Jagannath at Nilagiri is visited by the visitors / tourists from far and wide.

   

Reservoirs in Kuldiha

Orchids

Mangrove plant species such as Bani, Rai

Giant squirrel
   

Giant squirrel

famous temple of Lord Jagannath at Nilagiri

Rest houses and Rest sheds

A view of the sun set at Bichitrapur
   
Chilika