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LIST OF IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR USES

NB: (Fam - Family, T - Tree, H - Herb, C - Climber, S- shrub)

Plant Common name / Maturity period Botanical Name or Family Parts Used Average Price( Rs. / Kg ) Medicinal Use
Emblica officinalis Amla ( T )After 4th year Emblica officinalis
Fam - euphorbiaceac
Fruit Rs 15 - 45/kg Vitamin - C, Cough , Diabetes, cold, Laxativ, hyper acidity.
Ashok Ashok ( T )10 years onward Saraca Asoca
Fam : Caesalpinanceac
Bark Flower Dry Bark Rs 125/kg Menstrual Pain, uterine, disorder, Deiabetes.
Aswagandha Aswagandha ( H ), One year Withania Somnifera
Fam: Solanaccac
Root, Leafs Rs 140/ Kg Restorative Tonic, stress, nerves disorder, aphrodiasiac.
Aegle marmelous Bael / Bilva (T)After 4-5 year Aegle marmelous
Fam: Rutaccac
Fruit, Bark Fruit - Rs 125 / kg
Pulp - Rs 60 / Kg
Diarrrhoea, Dysentry, Constipation.
Phyllanthous amarus Bhumi Amla ( H), with in one year Phyllanthous amarus
Fam : euphorbiaccac
Whole Plant Rs 40 / Kg Aenimic, jaundice, Dropsy.
Bacopa, Monieri Brahmi ( H ) Indian penny worth/one year Bacopa,Monnieri
Fam: Scrophulariaccac
Whole plant Rs 20 per kg Nervous, Memory enhancer,mental disorder.
Chiraita Chiraita ( high altituted) with in one year ( H ) Swertia Chiraita
Fam : Gentianaccac
Whole Plant Rs 300-350 / per kg Skin Desease, Burning, censation, fever.
Gudmar Gudmar / madhunasini, after Four year ( C ) Gymnema Sylvestre
Fam: Asclepiadaccac
Leaves Rs 50 -75 per kg Diabetes, hydrocil, Asthama.
Guggul Guggul ( T)after 8 years Commiphora Wightii
Fam: burseraccac
Gum rasine Rs 80 - 100 per kg Rheuma tised, arthritis, paralysis, laxative.
Tinospora CordifoliaFam Guluchi / Giloe ( C )With in one year Tinospora CordifoliaFam Stem Rs 20 - 25 per kg Gout, Pile, general debility, fever, Jaundice.
Gloriosa superba Calihari / panchanguliaGlori Lily Five years Gloriosa superba
Fam: Liliaccac
Seed, tuber Rs 60 Skin Desease, Labour pain, Abortion, General debility.
Kalmegh Kalmegh/ Bhui neem ( H ) with in one year Andrographis PaniculataFam : scanthaccac Whole Plant Rs 12 - 20 Fever, weekness, release of gas.
Peeper longum Long peeper / Pippali ( C ) after two to three years Peeper longum
Fam : Piperaccac
Fruit, Root Rs 100 - 150 per kg
Root - 150 per kg
Appetizer, enlarged spleen , Bronchities, Cold, antidote.
Makoi Makoi ( H )Kakamachi/ With in one year Solanum nigrum
Fam: Solanaccac
Fruit/whole plant Rs 40 per kg
Seed - 200 per kg
Dropsy, General debility,Diuretic, anti dysenteric.
Coleus barbatus Pashan Bheda / Pathar Chur ( H )One year Coleus barbatus
Fam : Lamiaccac
Root Rs 40-50 per kg Kidny stone, Calculus.
Santalum Album Sandal Wood ( T )Thirty years onward Santalum Album
Fam: santalinaccac
Heart wood , oil Rs 350 per kg Skin disorder, Burning, sensation, Jaundice, Cough.
Sarpa Gandha Sarpa Gandha ( H )After 2 year Ranwolfia Serpentina
Fam: apocynaccac
Root Root - Rs 60 per kg
Seed - Rs 300 per kg
Hyper tension, insomnia.
Asparagus Racemosus Satavari ( C )After 2-3 year Asparagus Racemosus
Family: liliaccac
Tuber, root Rs 20 -50 per kg Enhance lactation, general weekness, fatigue, cough.
Senna Senna ( S )With in 1 year Casia augustifolia
Fam: Liliaceae
Dry Tubers Rs 500/kg seed
Rs1200/kg dry
Rheumatism, general debility tonic, aphrodisiac.
Ocimum sanclum Tulsi (perennial) Each 3 months Ocimum sanclum
Fam: Lamiaccac
Leaves/Seed Leaves Rs 10/kg Cough, Cold, bronchitis,expectorand.
Vai Vidanka Vai Vidanka ( C ), 2nd year onward Embelia Ribes
Fam: Myrsinaccac
Root, Fruit, Leaves Rs 40-50 per kg Skin disease, Snake Bite, Helminthiasis.
Mentha pipertia Pippermint ( h) Perennial Mentha pipertia
Fam:Lamiaccac
Leaves, Flower, Oil - Digestive, Pain killer.
Lawsennia iermis Henna/Mehdi ( S ) 1/25 years Lawsennia iermis
Fam: lytharaceae
Leaf,Flower, Seed L - 50 /kgPowder-Rs75 perkg Burning, Steam, Anti Imflamatary.
Aloe Verra Gritkumari ( H) 2nd-5th yr Aloe Verra
Fam: Liliaceae
Leaves Fresh L- Rs 5 kgJuice 90 Per Kg Laxative, Wound healing, Skin burns & care,Ulcer.
Vincea rosea Sada Bahar ( H ) Periwinkle/Nyantara Vincea rosea/ catharanthusRoseus
Fam :apocyanace
Whole Plant R-Rs50 per kgL- Rs 25S- Rs 10 kg Leaukamia, Hypotensiv, Antispasmodic , Atidot.
Eclipta alba Vringraj ( H ) Eclipta alba
Fam: Compositae
Seed/whole Powder-Rs 60/kg Anti-inflamatory, Digestive, hairtonic.
Plumbago Zeylanica Swet chitrak
Perennial ( h )
Plumbago Zeylanica
Fam: Plumbaginaceae
Root, Rootbar - Appetiser, Antibacterial, Aticacer.
Plumbago Indica Rakta Chitrak ( H ) Plumbago Indica
Fam : plumbaginaceae
Root, Root bar - Indyspeipsia, colic, imflammation, cough.
Strychinos nuxvomica Kochila ( T )15 yrs Strychinos nuxvomica
Fam: loganiaceae
Seed - Nervous, Paralysis, healing wound.
Terminalia Chebula Harida ( T ) Terminalia Chebula
Fam: Combretaceae
Seed Rs. 80 per K
Powder
Trifala, wound ulcer, leprosy, inflammation, Cough.
Terminalia Bellerica Bahada (T) TerminaliaBellerica
Fam:comretaceae
Seed, Bark Fruit - Rs 20/k
Powder- Rs 100/k
Cough, Insomnia, Dropsy, Vomiting, Ulcer, Trifala.
Tribulus Terrestris Gokhur ( H ) CrawlingPuncture Vine/1 yr Tribulus Terrestris
Fam: Lygophyllaceae
Whole Plant Plant-Rs 10/K
Fruit -Rs 15/k
Sweet cooling, Aphrodisiac, appetizer, Digestive, Urinary.
Azardirchata – indica Neem ( T ) Azardirchata - indica
Fam : Mahaceae
Rhizome Rs 45/k Sdedative, analgesic, epilepsy, hypertensive.
Hemibi smus Indicus Anantamool/sariva ( S )Indian Sarap sarilla Hemibi smus Indicus
Fam: Asclepiadaceae
Root/ Leaf Rs 45/k root
Rs 90/kPowder
Appetiser, Carminative, aphrodisiac, Astringent.
Acorus Calamus Bach ( H )
Sweet Flag/1 yr
Acorus Calamus
Fam : araceae
Rhizome Rs 45/K Sdedative, analgesic, tpilepsy, hypertensive.
Adhatoda vesica Vasa ( S ) Adhatoda vesica
Fam : Sacanthaceae
Whole Plant Leaf - Rs 25/ k Antispasmodic, respiratory, Stimulant.
Mesua Ferrea Nageswar ( T ) Nag Champa Mesua Ferrea
Fam : Guttiferae
Bark, Leaf, Flower Flower - Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k
Asthma, Skin, Burning, Vomiting, Dysentry, Piles.
Vetiveria Ziziinoides Benachar ( S ) Khus/khus Vetiveria Ziziinoides
Fam : Toaceae / Graminae
Root Flower - Rs 120/k
Powder Rs 175/k
Hyperdisia, Burning, ulcer, Skin, Vomiting.
Centella asiatica Mandukparni ( H )
Indianpennywort
Centella asiatica
Fam : Umdelliferae
Whole plant - Antiinflamatory, Jundice, Diuretic, Diarrhoea.
Mucuna Truriens Kaincha/CreeperBaidanka Mucuna Truriens
Fam : Fabaceae
Root, Hair, Seed, Leaf - Nervous, Disorder, Constipation, Nephroaphy, Strangury, Dropsy.
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Dalchini
Perenial Shrub
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum
Fam : Lauraceae
Bark, Oil - Bronchitis, Asthma, Cardiac, Disorder, Fever.
Holarrhena antidysenterica Kurai ( S ) Holorheena antidysentrica
Fam:apocyaceaceae
Bark, Seed - Scabies, Antipyretic, Amoibic dysentery.
Solanum Xanthocarpum Kantakari / AkrantiPerennial ( H ) Solanum Xanthocarpum
Fam : Solanaceae
Whole Plant, Fruit, Seed - Diuretic, Antiinflamatory, Appetiser, Stomachic.